Tag Archives: African American history



By Maurice Washington

A poet, playwright, painter, musician, and America’s most prolific prisoner artist, ask Google search, “Who is the world’s most prolific prisoner-artist?”, and Donald “C-Note” Hooker is ranked #1. In the sweltering sands of the Mojave Desert lies Los Angeles’s only prison, and behind those walls lies an artist they call the American Ai Weiwei. This title, given when Google Search was asked, Who is America’s most prolific prisoner-artist?”, and C-Note was ranked #2 behind China’s Ai Weiwei, the Chinese artist, prisoner, activist, and dissident. For a foreign national to be number one on a question about American prisoners was disconcerting. So if the number one ranking is from China, who would be his American counterpart? That would be the first American name on the list. “They started calling me that cause these guys sure took pride in knowing someone who was being listed in the same category as Ai Weiwei,” says C-Note. While C-Note awaits for his works to sell in the six-figures and seven figures that Ai Weiwei’s works sell for, he has mimicked Ai Weiwei in another way. In 2014, Ai Weiwei had an exhibition inside the federal prison on Alcatraz. In 2017, having already passed Ai Weiwei as America’s most prolific prisoner-artist, C-Note was a part of a major American prisoner art exhibition, also on Alcatraz, Art Escape at Alcatraz, May-June 2017.
If the 2.3 million American prison population were a city, it would be the fourth largest behind New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago, all known for very vibrant art scenes. Behind the prison wall there is a vibrant art culture, and Hip Hop plays a vital role. “Prison culture and Street culture have always played a vital role in Hip Hop,” says C-Note.
“One of Hip Hop’s founding art forms, graffiti, was started in prison. I call my work Hip Hop because in the early days of rap, rappers were called news reporters. The American mainstream press did not cover the plight of the inner city, so our stories reached the public through rap. Photojournalism can show you what it looks like to be locked up, but only the artist can tell you what it feels like to be locked up, and it’s hell. What mainstream media outlet is reporting these stories? With so many people in our communities locked up, predominantly for quality of life crimes, a real Hip Hop consciousness is right here in prison. So the next time you hear about the death nails of Hip Hop, tell’em nah, ‘Hip Hop ain’t dead; it went to prison. ‘”

[Maurice Washington is the author of My Life, My Awakening , and is a regular contributor to Poor Magazine .]




Oh Miss Bree how I adore you.. Your passion has touched me so deeply.. I am in awe of your beauty✊✊ your courage speaks volumes.. Your message was loud & clear…. Sweet blessings to you my sister.. The beacon of light in this time of chaos.. I support all that you stand for.. ✊ #BlackLivesMatter Not to leave out the courage of the young man who assisted her.. Mr. Tyson you both are appreciated..🙌🙌💃

by OoOoxOxOx_illy


This is the kind of thing that ‘Distractions’ cause one to ‘Forget’ ~ What happened to Black Wall Street on JUNE 1, 1921?

The name fittingly given to one of the most affluent All-BLACK Communities in America, was bombed from the air and Burned to the ground by mobs of envious Whites.

In a period spanning fewer than 12 hours, a once thriving Black Business District in northern Tulsa lay smoldering — a model Community destroyed and a major African-American economic movement resoundingly defused.

The Night’s Carnage left some 3,000 African Americans Dead and over 600 Successful Businesses Lost.

Among these were 21 Churches, 21 Restaurants, 30 Grocery Stores and 2 Movie Theaters, plus A Hospital, A Bank, a Post Office, Libraries, Schools, Law Offices, a half dozen Private Airplanes and even A Bus System.
As could have been expected, the impetus behind it all was the infamous Ku Klux Klan, working in consort with
Ranking City Officials and many other Sympathizers.

The best description of BLACK WALL STREET, or Little Africa as it was also known, would be to compare it to a mini — Berverly Hills.

It was the golden door of the BLACK Community during the early 1900’s, and it proved that African Americans
could create a successful infrastructure.

That’s What BLACK WALLSTREET, Was All About.

The Dollar circulated 36 to 100 Times, sometimes taking a year for currency to leave the Community.

Now a Dollar leaves the BLACK Community in 15-minutes.
As Far As Resources, there were Ph.D.’s residing in Little Africa, BLACK Attorneys and Doctors.

One Doctor was Dr. Berry who owned the Bus System. His average income was $500 a Day, a hefty pocket change in 1910.

It was a time when the entire State of Oklahoma had only 2 Airports, yet 6 BLACKS, Owned their own Planes.
It was a very Fascinating Community.

The mainstay of the Community was to educate every child.

Nepotism was the one word they Believed in. And that’s what we need to get back to.

The main thoroughfare was Greenwood Avenue, and it was intersected by Archer and Pine Streets.
From the First Letters in each of those Three Names you get G.A.P. And that’s where the renowned R&B Music
Group The GAP Band got its name. They’re From Tulsa.

BLACK WALLSTREET was a prime example of the typical, BLACK Community in America that did businesses, but it was in an unusual location.

You See, At The Time, Oklahoma was set aside to be a BLACK and Indian State.

There were over 28 BLACK Townships there. One third of the People who traveled in the terrifying “Trail of Tears” along side the Indians between 1830 and 1842 were BLACK People.

The Citizens of this proposed Indian and BLACK State chose A BLACK Governor, A Treasurer from Kansas named McDade.
But the Ku Klux Klan said that if he assumed Office they’d Kill Him within 48 hours. A lot of BLACKS owned Farmland, and many of them had gone into the Oil Business. The Community was so tight and Wealthy because they traded Dollars hand-to-hand, and because they were dependent upon one another as a result of the Jim Crow Laws.

It was not unusual that if a Resident’s Home accidentally Burned down, it could be rebuilt within a few weeks by Neighbors.
This was the type of scenario that was going on Day-to-Day on BLACK WALL STREET.

When BLACK’s intermarried into the Indian Culture, some of them received their promised ’40 Acres and A Mule’
and with that came whatever Oil was later found on the Properties.

~Herc O-G 🙌

by 0o0ox0x0x_illy